The research curriculum at Community Memorial Healthcare is designed to introduce residents to thoughtful investigation of medical and psychological questions that affect individual and/or population health. Emphasis is on familiarity with basic research methodologies and their application in the practice of evidence-based medicine. GME provides assistance to residents as they identify a mentor and design and implement a project. Residents are strongly encouraged to present their work in a public forum through poster, presentation, and/or publication.
The longitudinal research curriculum includes dedicated formal research and applicable quality improvement didactics, journal clubs, research and quality improvement projects, participation on hospital committees, and evidence-based clinical work at the bedside.
- Identify questions that impact daily patient care and use information management tools at the bedside to support clinical decision-making
Residents will participate in scholarly activity. In the course of this work, they will:
- Learn guidelines for conducting different types of research
- Learn basic clinical concepts such as study design, types of measurement, and variety of analysis types
- Learn how to complete an Institutional Review Board (IRB) application and to respond to IRB inquiries
- Become certified in the protection of human subjects through Good Clinical Practices certification
- Gain basic statistical skills to interpret evidence-based medicine. such as:
- descriptive analyses
- confidence intervals
- power analysis
- univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses
- sensitivity and specificity
- type I and II errors
- odds, hazard, and risk ratios
- Identify opportunities for scholarly inquiry, define a clinical question, and understand how to develop and execute a research plan
- Develop skills to facilitate critical appraisal of published medical research
- Learn to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of published trials and apply the results of relevant clinical trials to their practice
- Foster intellectual inquiry through self-directed learning via accessing current clinical practice guidelines, electronic databases, published studies, and computer-based diagnostic reasoning programs to answer clinical questions
- Develop their presentation skills and be able to completely answer questions in a public forum (e.g. journal club, research forum)
- Learn to distill salient information from published studies to counsel patients regarding impact on their care
- Hone writing skills by providing a narrative description of their scholarly activity and where appropriate, writing a scientific paper suitable for publication
- Obtain informed consent for research when appropriate
- Demonstrate a commitment to using evidence-based medicine in their care for patients
- Meet the research requirements of their specialty college
- Invest in research and quality improvement activities to improve care within our health system
- CMH intranet resources
- CMH Medical Library https://cmhslibrary.blog/
- CMH Research Support https://cmhslibrary.blog/graduate-medical-education-research-department/
- CMH Statistical Concept Links https://cmhslibrary.blog/statistics/
- Journals and texts
- Guyatt G, Rennie D, Meade M, Cook D. Users’ Guides to the Medical Literature. McGraw-Hill Professional; 3rd ed. 2015.
- JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods. JAMA. 2014;312(1):35.
- Frakt, A, and Carroll, A. “Can This Treatment Help Me? There’s a Statistic for That.” New York Times 26 Jan. 2015.
- Online educational resources
- American College of Physicians (ACP) High Value Care Curriculum: Utilizing Biostatistics in Diagnosis, Screening, and Prevention. https://www.acponline.org/clinical-information/high-value-care
- ACP Writing a Research Abstract http://www.acponline.org/education_recertification/education/program_directors/abstracts/prepare/res_abs.htm
- American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Research and Grants http://www.osteopathic.org/inside-aoa/development/research-and-development/Pages/grant-opportunities.aspx
- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ): What Is Comparative Effectiveness Research https://www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/topics/cer-methods-4th-symposium/executive
- CONSORT Transparent of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/
- PRISMA Transparent Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses http://www.prisma-statement.org/
- The NNT: Quick summaries of evidence-based medicine. http://www.thennt.com
- STROBE Statement Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology http://www.strobe-statement.org/
- Vandenbroucke JP, von Elm E, Altman DG, et al. STROBE Explanation and Elaboration. Ann Intern Med. 2007;147:W-163-W-194.
- Western States Medical Monographs https://sites.google.com/site/cahead5/
- Qualitative research resources
GME will provide support to residents interested in conducting qualitative or mixed method research studies. Introductory resources include:
- Qualities of Qualitative Research: Part I https://jgme.org/doi/pdf/10.4300/JGME-D-11-00221.1
- Qualitative Research Part II: Participants, Analysis, and Quality Assurance https://jgme.org/doi/pdf/10.4300/JGME-D-11-00307.1
- Thematic analysis https://www.psych.auckland.ac.nz/en/about/thematic-analysis.html
- Specialty college resources
- American College of Physicians guideline for poster presentations http://www.acponline.org/education_recertification/education/program_directors/abstracts/prepare/pos_pres.htm
- AOAO Guidelines for the Resident Literature Review, Case Report, Scientific Paper, or Poster Presentation http://www2.aoao.org/pdfs/residents/ResidentPaperPosterGuidelines.pdf
- Residents must meet CMH scholarly work requirements to graduate.
- Residents will complete an online training program for protecting human research participants and earn certification prior to completion of orientation. The Program Coordinator will provide information to incoming interns.
- Residents must present their ideas for scholarly work to their Program Director and the research team for approval prior to starting a research project.
- Residents conducting research involving human subjects must complete a QI Primary Investigator form or IRB application.
- Residents will provide Program Directors and the research team with a narrative description outlining their proposed project. Residents will work with their Program Coordinator to log their project in New Innovations.
- Research mentors will provide formative verbal feedback on resident performance to both the resident and the Program Director intermittently throughout the project. Program Directors as well as the research team will meet at minimum semi-annually with residents to discuss research progress.
- Residents must present their work at GME’s Research Symposiums (3-Minute Scholarly Summary and Resident Research Forum).
- Residents are required to present an organized critical review of an approved research article during Journal Club sessions.
- Residents must attend research didactic sessions, Journal Clubs, an Patient Safety/Quality Improvement learning sessions. Topics are added or modified based on the needs and skill sets of different resident classes.
- Residents will identify a research mentor in the first half of their intern year. Subsequently, they will meet with their mentor regularly to discuss development and execution of a project. For residents involved in subsequent or ongoing projects, they may have different mentors for different projects. Residents are encouraged to work with faculty who are currently engaged in active research projects.
- Residents will do a focused literature search as part of their project and may be asked to do presentations during the course of the project in addition to their final presentation.
- Specialty Colleges may have specific requirements for research and quality improvement projects by year. Residents must adhere to those requirements.
- All educational sessions will occur within the bounds of resident work hours as per ACGME requirements.
CMH Intersection of Patient Care, Quality, & Scholarly Activity
Our curriculum is designed to foster practical application and reinforcement of research and concepts through individual research and quality improvement projects.